The basic purpose of a wine cellar is to effectively control the aging process of wine. Once bottled, wine starts to mature, so proper storage is essential for it to mature in the right manner. The advantage of having a wine cellar is that you do not have to go out and get a bottle of wine every time you are ready to sit down and eat, or want to enjoy a glass. Having your own cellar enables you to plan and store wines for special occasions, even the odd unforeseen ones.
A wine cell is basically a storage place for wine. Any dark cool room will do; it does not needarily have to be underground. A wine cellar can be any location from a spot below the basement staircase to a room built especially for this purpose. Innovators work with the homeowner to design a cellar, which may include carvings, pillows, molding along the wall and possibly a decorative wine-tasting table that is typically positioned outside the cellar. Traditionally, a wine cell was underground because such a location kept the wines at a proper temperature. Ideally, a wine cell should be dry and cool. The ideal temperature to be maintained is 50 ° – 55 ° F, but a reasonably consistent temperature between 45 ° F and 70 ° F is acceptable. What's important is that the temperature remains constant. If there are changes to the temperature, the change should not be drastic. Despite wines age faster in warmer temperatures, excess heat can damage the wine. Expertise lies in getting the temperature just right.
Wine cellar air conditioning units control the temperature in order to age wine in perfect conditions. They also provide the ideal humidity level for a wine cellar. The type of cellar that you need depends on the kinds of wine in your collection.